Adjectives tell us something about a person or a thing. Adjectives can modify nouns (here: girl) or pronouns (here: she).
Adverbs tell us in what way someone does something. Adverbs can modify verbs (here: drive), adjectives or other adverbs.
|Mandy is a careful girl.||Mandy drives carefully.|
|She is very careful.||She drives carefully.|
Mandy is a careful driver. This sentence is about Mandy, the driver, so use the adjective.
Mandy drives carefully. This sentence is about her way of driving, so use the adverb.
Adjective + -ly
If the adjective ends in -y, change -y to -i. Then add -ly:
If the adjective ends in -le, the adverb ends in -ly:
If the adjective ends in -e, then add -ly:
► Not all words ending in -ly are adverbs:
There is no adverb for an adjective ending in -ly.
The handball team played badly last Saturday.
It was an extremely bad match.
The handball team played extremely badly last Wednesday.
There are quite a lot of people here.
Unfortunately, the flight to Dallas had been cancelled.
John is a careful driver. – In this sentences we say how John is – careful. If we want to say that the careful John did not drive the usual way yesterday – we have to use the adverb:
Here is another example:
Both adjectives and adverbs may be used after look, smell and taste. Mind the change in meaning.
Here are two examples:
|The pizza tastes good.
(How is the pizza?)
|Jamie Oliver can taste well.
(How can Jamie Oliver taste?)
|Peter’s feet smell bad.
(How are his feet?)
|Peter can smell badly.
(How can Peter smell?)
Do not get confused with good/well.
One can assume that in the second/third sentence the adverb well is used, but this is wrong – well can be an adjective (meaning fit/healthy), or an adverb of the adjective good.
Where do adverbs of frequency go?
Adverbs of frequency show you how often something happens. This can be always = 100%, or never = 0%.
These adverbs can go before the main verb.
|Subject||Auxiliary||Adverb of frequency||Verb||Rest|
|I||always||get up||at 6.45.|
|Peter||can||usually||play||football on Sundays.|
|Mandy||has||sometimes||got||lots of homework.|
or after a form of to be (am, are, is) – (was, were).
|Subject||Auxiliary||Adverb of frequency||Rest|
The adverbs often, usually, sometimes and occasionally can go at the beginning of a sentence.
Somtimes these adverbs can go at the end of a sentence.
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